DAY TWO ABSTRACTS

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Drama Paper

Alanah Garrard

Story breaking and story making: how can dramatherapy and phenomenology facilitate our developing autobiography?

Do we create a narrative in order to gain some kind of coherence in our lives and what is the purpose of our memories existentially? What does it mean to find the correct memory, if such a thing exists, and how does this change the way we relate to being-in-the-world with others? By accepting the facticity of the past can we change our future? Those working and writing about human development are mostly writing from a position of looking back at their childhood and ahead at their old age with life being broken down into three stages, childhood, adulthood and old age (Adams, M. 2020). So how does the perception of our memories change as we travel through our lives and what can that teach us?

As therapists, are we there to help decipher the client’s autobiography and how can this be done with the client at the forefront of this discovery?

Music Paper

Andreas Asimakopoulos

Binaural beats in music therapy interventions for substance addiction treatment

Διωτικά διακροτήματα σε μουσικοθεραπευτικές παρεμβάσεις για την απεξάρτηση από ουσίες

The connection between brainwaves (periodic electrical signals from the brain) and the state of a subject’s consciousness has been widely investigated and established. Methods like targeted neurofeedback, the hemi-sync method, meditation, and breathing exercises have been shown to induce certain brainwave frequency patterns which can have a positive impact on important aspects of mental health, such as stress, depression and anxiety. These aspects can be significantly disturbed during substance addiction and constitute significant therapeutic targets due to their strong association with craving and relapse.

POSTER

Andrew Ash

Praesent elit felis, laoreet eget ligula fringilla, consectetur suscipit massa

I'm a Proin sit amet leo nunc. Nulla rutrum erat id nulla elementum vulputate. Nulla at consequat nulla. Sed porttitor a leo at porta. Sed sodales tempor ex. Nullam sodales nibh erat, a ullamcorper orci gravida sed. Phasellus blandit lorem libero, sed placerat sapien placerat et. Nam lacus neque, efficitur sit amet diam quis, euismod lobortis augue. Donec mauris felis, aliquet ac aliquet id, euismod ac erat. Nunc eget diam suscipit lacus egestas pharetra. Pellentesque ut orci a lorem rhoncus consectetur et in magna. Interdum et malesuada fames ac ante ipsum primis in faucibus. Phasellus eu blandit nibh. Morbi porta semper orci sed porttitor. Mauris eu ultrices erat.

Workshop

Antigone Ikkos-Serrano & Theodoros Kostidakis

The Memories We Never Had

Οι Αναμνήσεις Που Ποτέ Δεν Είχαμε
Las Memorias Que Nunca Hemos Tenido

We invite you to join us in an un-remembered world where shadows, voice and embodiment meet. Drawing on our cultural, artistic and therapeutic backgrounds, interweaving notions of shadow theatre, opera and Greek philosophy, participants will have the opportunity to cast a light on their ‘un-lived’ memories.

Art Poster

Arnell Etherington Reader

Art in the Time of Pandemic: School Based Art Therapy at Home

The first 16 weeks of self-isolation in the UK saw at-risk primary aged children unable to come into school and the Art Therapy at Home Project was begun. Circumstances were unprecedented and references were few. The impact of arts, culture and therapeutic art interventions promotes mental, physical and spiritual wellbeing: helping children and adults respond adaptively to trauma, enhancing community cohesion and supporting children's home schooling at a time in history when these are jeopardized by the Covid–19 virus (Gupta, 2020; Johnson, 2020).

Masterclass

Audronė Brazauskaitė

Unlocking Memory Knots

Atminties Mazgų Atrišimas

Many world mythologies interpret the world as a cloth or web, the universe being created by spinning or weaving. All the goddesses of creation and fertility, of the Aztecs and Mayans, Balts and other nations are described as great weavers. A knot is a cross, it is a bond with someone, it is anchored and locked together, a secret, a protection. The symbolic untying of the knot is inseparable from birth, death and wedding customs. Every mystery or riddle is a knot and finding an answer is an un-knotting. In Buddhism, the term ‘inner knots’ is used. Buddhist monk and teacher Thich Nhat Hanh says that in order to protect each other’s happiness, we need to know and report our inner knots as soon as they appear, talk about them and unravel them.

Dance Movement Poster

Aušra Poškutė Stasiulevičienė

The Meaningful Life Experience of Elderly Women During Dance-Movement Therapy

Vyresnio amžiaus moterų prasmingo gyvenimo patyrimas šokio-judesio terapijos metu

In Lithuania, the use of dance-movement therapy (DMT) has increased since 2011 when the DMT Association was established by Raimonda Duff (MA Dance-Movement Psychotherapy, Christ Church University, Canterbury). In 2018, the first doctoral thesis on DMT – Education and Therapy of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders Using Lithuanian Folk Dances –was defended by Solveiga Zvicevičienė.

Paper - Drama

Chanaphan Thammarut

What memories are hidden under a ‘Thai Smile’? The implementation of dramatherapy treatment among Thai patients with PTSD

ความทรงจำที่ซ่อนเร้นภายใต้ “ยิ้มสยาม”:
จิตบำบัดด้วยละครสำหรับผู้รับการบำบัดชาวไทยวัยผู้ใหญ่
ที่เผชิญกับโรคเครียดภายหลังเหตุการณ์รุนแรง

The paper presentation illustrates the findings from my current PhD research, ‘Developing Dramatherapy Approaches for Thai Adult Patients with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)’. The research design is a phenomenological mixed-methods case study aiming to investigate the clinical benefits and the specific cultural issues that affect the outcomes of dramatherapy.

Workshop

Dafna Regev and Amalia Sali

Parent-child art psychotherapy – the creative space that connects the parent and the child

טיפול דיאדי באמנות – המרחב היצירתי המחבר בין ההורה לילד

Parent-child art psychotherapy focuses on parent-child relationships in the presence of art materials (Regev & Snir, 2018). This workshop will deal with the unique model developed in the State of Israel for parent-child art psychotherapy. This model is a mentalization-based model (Fonagy & Target, 1997) with a psychoanalytical-relational orientation, for the treatment of childhood relationship disturbances. The therapeutic objective according to this model is "to encourage changes in the dyads' experiences and in their typical interaction patterns, which are based on existing representations. Such changes in interactions will lead to changes in the representations themselves" (Kaplan, Harel & Avimeir-Patt, 2010, p. 34). The parent-child art psychotherapy model, like other family art psychotherapy models, invites the parent and child to engage in a visual creative experience that uses imagination and enables non-verbal symbolic expression. In this model (Regev & Snir, 2018), spontaneous art-making allows parent and child to express feelings, unconscious fears, desires, fantasies, and memories, thus reinforcing the bond between parent and child. The work process and the artistic product in parent-child art psychotherapy are treated as elements that encourage meaningful mental processes (Gavron, 2013; Regev & Snir, 2015).

Art Paper

Elana Lakh, Debra Kalmanowitz & Liat Shamri-Zeevi

Archetypal aspects of pictures drawn during Covid-19 lockdown in Israel

Covid-19 pandemic caught the whole world by surprise and changed our lives in profound ways, urging physical, social and psychological changes. As governments all over the world struggle to manage the virus and minimise deaths, people across cultures are finding ways to cope with this new reality.

PAPER

Ephrat Huss

Towards a theoretical and methodological model for art therapy in community crises

Crises such as man-made and natural disasters, and epidemics such as corona create a complex ‘shared reality’ situation where both therapists and clients are dealing with the same stressors at the same time. Issues such as loneliness, fear, uncertainty, poverty, boredom, emptiness, loss of routines, loss of hope as to when it will be over, loss of professional identity and loss of loved ones all pose strong challenges to communities on the most external ecological level of the community.

Masterclass

Eran Natan and Maayan Salomon-Gimmon

Voice, sound & the living memory

קול, צליל והזיכרון החי

Along their life journey, people collect memories which reshape their character – of significant others, unforgettable places or experiences. Memory also encompasses voice, sound and melody; the voices of our parents, acquaintances, our human surroundings, the playlists of our life – all these become inherent vocal memories in our body and soul. The cultural, historic, political atmosphere also affects both individual and collective memories. Life experiences, encounters, traumas, journeys and passions are all symbolized by various vocal textures, some more accessible than others.

Past memories are fluid: their intersection with day-to-day life is a source of constant change, awakening numb parts of our consciousness and encouraging us to revisit them.

Voice and vocal expression can be a great tool for exploring and expressing memories, alongside bodily sensations related to them. Yet for some clients this is not a simple task: some are facing traumas preventing them from vocally expressing feelings of pain or loss; while others were told their voice is not important enough to be heard and are ashamed expressing it, fearing criticism.

Art Paper Presentation

Gabriele Schmid

Play it again, Embodied Memory in human and other Animals.

Spiel’s noch einmal, Verkörpertes Gedächtnis bei Menschen und anderen Tieren.

"The past is never dead. It’s not even past", William Faulkner famously wrote in Requiem for a Nun. The persistence of embodied memory is both a crucial moment of trauma and trauma therapy and in the development of artistic works.

We live with patterns of interpretation. Resilience can be understood as a delicate balance between these patterns of interpretation, which, according to Henningsen (1981), never change, and embodied memory, which changes as a result of empathic encounters with the significant Other. To navigate successfully through their complex social environment, humans need both empathic skills and stable patterns of interpreting this environment and themselves.

An artist's style, as it were, lays a trace both to self-interpretations via patterns of interpretation and to embodied metaphors. The artistic style can thus be understood as an incarnated metaphor of the artist's empathic relationship to the human and non-human world.

Workshop

Galia Bitton

Therapeutic songs as a way of finding strength using memories from difficult times – workshop and theory

כתיבת שירים טיפוליים כדרך מציאת חוסן מזכרון על זמנים קשים – סדנא ותיאוריה

Over the course of the 30 years I have practised music therapy, writing therapeutic songs has been an essential part of my tool-box as a therapist. Throughout these years, Israeli residents have been through wars, terror, missiles, financial hardships and coronavirus. Throughout all these years, as a music therapist I try to help patients express and process feelings through words that receive a musical cover that can offer a container to the content. Writing songs is a way of expressing the unconscious in a less threatening way, so we could look at it fearless. Through the therapeutic model I've built, the patient is freed from the need to write in rhymes, from context between lines and for the need for beauty. The musical improvisation binds sentences together and adds extra meaning. Thus, parts of nightmares, fears and thoughts can be voiced and processed. Throughout corona times, patients write songs about their feelings and said it made them feel better.

"Speaking and writing have a function to express a thought coherently. As words themselves are symbols of certain objects, subjects and actions…It is understandable that a text can get more meaning through the music.” (Jaap Orp, 2006)

POSTER

Harry Smith, I C Uthere, Abel Anwilling

Praesent elit felis, laoreet eget ligula fringilla, consectetur suscipit massa

I'm a Proin sit amet leo nunc. Nulla rutrum erat id nulla elementum vulputate. Nulla at consequat nulla. Sed porttitor a leo at porta. Sed sodales tempor ex. Nullam sodales nibh erat, a ullamcorper orci gravida sed. Phasellus blandit lorem libero, sed placerat sapien placerat et. Nam lacus neque, efficitur sit amet diam quis, euismod lobortis augue. Donec mauris felis, aliquet ac aliquet id, euismod ac erat. Nunc eget diam suscipit lacus egestas pharetra. Pellentesque ut orci a lorem rhoncus consectetur et in magna. Interdum et malesuada fames ac ante ipsum primis in faucibus. Phasellus eu blandit nibh. Morbi porta semper orci sed porttitor. Mauris eu ultrices erat.

Workshop

Heidrun Panhofer & Sandrine Pitarque

Collective and intimate memory: Making sense of the void?

Mémoires intimes et mémoire collective: du vide pour donner sens?
Memorias íntimas y memorias colectivas: ¿hacer sentido del vacío?

The workshop is a crossroads where dance, movement and drama meet. It is directed by two course leaders from different countries and languages. What connections may arise from the encounter of these cultural differences? How to find links and common ground?

Perhaps through childhood games, many of them existing in several countries, some, however, quite specific to certain cultural groups. These childhood games belong as much to the collective memory as to one’s personal history, a more intimate kind of memory.

Weaving through our collective and intimate memory, we may become aware of certain gaps or holes, missing connections or voids. Perhaps we are not all and at all times interconnected: sometimes pieces are missing, parts are lacking, and holes become apparent.

PAPER

Helga Schmidt

Praesent elit felis, laoreet eget ligula fringilla, consectetur suscipit massa

Proin sit amet leo nunc. Nulla rutrum erat id nulla elementum vulputate. Nulla at consequat nulla. Sed porttitor a leo at porta. Sed sodales tempor ex. Nullam sodales nibh erat, a ullamcorper orci gravida sed. Phasellus blandit lorem libero, sed placerat sapien placerat et. Nam lacus neque, efficitur sit amet diam quis, euismod lobortis augue. Donec mauris felis, aliquet ac aliquet id, euismod ac erat. Nunc eget diam suscipit lacus egestas pharetra. Pellentesque ut orci a lorem rhoncus consectetur et in magna. Interdum et malesuada fames ac ante ipsum primis in faucibus. Phasellus eu blandit nibh. Morbi porta semper orci sed porttitor. Mauris eu ultrices erat.

Drama Workshop

Henri Seebohm and Pete Holloway

Opening Up, Shifting Perspectives with Drama. Back to the Future: Learning from History, Re-visiting Memory and Developing Experience.

This workshop will involve participants in three immersive elements over the course of a two-hour facilitation.

The first element is a screening of a drama-in-education project filmed in Lithuania in the late 1990’s, facilitated by Henri Seebohm, involving teenage participants from two previously separated school communities, as part of a collaboration between the Vilnius Jewish Museum and an international non-governmental organisation’s attempt to establish and empower young people to make new connections and recognition of a common humanity.

WORKSHOP

Henrietta Simmons

Praesent elit felis, laoreet eget ligula fringilla, consectetur suscipit massa

I'm a Proin sit amet leo nunc. Nulla rutrum erat id nulla elementum vulputate. Nulla at consequat nulla. Sed porttitor a leo at porta. Sed sodales tempor ex. Nullam sodales nibh erat, a ullamcorper orci gravida sed. Phasellus blandit lorem libero, sed placerat sapien placerat et. Nam lacus neque, efficitur sit amet diam quis, euismod lobortis augue. Donec mauris felis, aliquet ac aliquet id, euismod ac erat. Nunc eget diam suscipit lacus egestas pharetra. Pellentesque ut orci a lorem rhoncus consectetur et in magna. Interdum et malesuada fames ac ante ipsum primis in faucibus. Phasellus eu blandit nibh. Morbi porta semper orci sed porttitor. Mauris eu ultrices erat.

Art Workshop

Jenny Butler & Carl Gustafsson

Playing with Memory Strips

Lek med minnesserier

In the non-verbal realm conflicting, shameful and painful experiences often dwell that may oppose our longings for creative expression and playful interaction with ourselves and others.

In the workshop Playing with Memory Strips the participants will be invited to create black and white collages (silhouettes) of a memory evoked from a meditative state that will be the starting point of the workshop.

Art Paper

Joshua Kin Man NAN

Living through socio-political turmoil: A clay art therapy project for school youth for strengthening emotion regulatory ability & resilience – A qualitative research

跨越社會政治困境︰以陶藝藝術治療增強中學生情緒調控能力及抗逆力–質性研究

Background

Suffering from the drastic socio-political unrest (e.g. debate over Extradition Law) and the coronavirus epidemic, Hong Kong has seen a soaring demand for psychological support especially for youngsters, with an estimated 9.1% of population probably having depression (HKUMed, 2019). The citywide lockdown measures including shutdown of schools owing to the ongoing epidemic has severely interrupted the provision of long-term, face-to-face counselling. Alternative and short-term therapeutic methods therefore become crucial for addressing the corresponding psychosocial crises.

Paper

Joy Gravestock

“When I Ruled The World: Adopted Children’s Memories Of Early Life Trauma Recalled In A Process Of Meaning Making In Music Therapy”

Adopted children's’ earliest lived experiences of loss remain embedded in their deepest cell memory. Infant adoptees absorb overwhelming sensations of abandonment, whilst not yet possessing language to process and assimilate such experience (Roberts 2018). Embodied states therefore hold an internalized knowledge of early trauma. Unconscious pre-adoption experiences remain unknown to an adoptee, but carry an instantly recognizable present feeling tone that is often “a meld of helplessness, rage, terror and dread” (Wilkinson 2010). Memory governs problematic ways of being and behaving, manifest in what Wilkinson describes as “the old, present”, which often lead to referrals to music therapy.

PERFORMANCE

Katja Gorečan & Mojca Kasjak

One Night Some Girls Somewhere Are Dying

Neke Noči Neke Deklice Nekje Umirajo

What happens when violence against the body causes loss. As in the intimate history of women, in which their position of the non-existent manifests. This is why women in this (social) imaginary are silent and give their body, so that power, meaning, the life of another might be inscribed in it, as though they themselves are inscribed in the position of the non-existent and the invisible. What happens when your body is no longer yours? As non-existent in and of itself, as a state when it belongs to someone or something else (to some other meaning). The development of the body is endangered, as movement and contact with the outside world is prohibited. What can the uneasiness of restraint cause? The body becomes the property of someone else. Is there an alternative – a resistance to this condition? Girls use their bodies in several phases for the safe surroundings of their stay: a body that does not dwell, a body that emerges, a body that grows, and a body that expands and takes up the space that belongs to it. It is all about embodied memory.

Art Poster

Kerstin Schoch

Psychometrics of Art: Validation of RizbA, a quantitative rating instrument for pictorial expression

Although art has been subject to research for some time, in quantitative research the artwork itself received little attention. This is probably in part due to the lack of objective, reliable and validated measurements in this field. The rating instrument for two-dimensional pictorial works (RizbA) fills this gap by providing a tool for formal picture analysis. It covers aspects such as shaping, spatiality, representation, colour intensity, pictorial elements and composition.

Art Poster

Lianne Pronk

Trauma focused Art therapy: Shaping connections in explicit and implicit memory

Trauma gerichte beeldende therapie: Het vormen van connecties in het expliciete en impliciete geheugen

Memory plays a crucial role in understanding trauma symptoms and trauma treatment. Remembering, reliving or avoiding the memories of atrocities are sometimes lively elements that people who suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have to cope with. In recent decades, neurological research suggests that clients with PTSD experience these symptoms more as sensory sensations than explanatory verbal memories.

Art Poster

Liesbeth Bosgraaf

Art Therapy for Psychosocial Problems in Children and Adolescents: what works and why

Beeldende therapie voor psychosociale problemen bij kinderen en adolescenten: wat werkt er en waarom?

Art therapy (AT) is frequently offered to children and adolescents with psychosocial problems. AT is an experiential form of treatment in which the use of art materials, the process of creation in the presence and guidance of an art therapist and the resulting artwork are assumed to contribute to the reduction of psychosocial problems. Although previous research reports positive effects, there is a lack of knowledge on which (combination of) art therapeutic components contribute to the reduction of psychosocial problems in children and adolescents.

Masterclass

Maria Riccardi, Lisa D. Hinz, Kathy Gotshall & Joshua Kin-man Nan

Embodiment of the Expressive Therapies Continuum: Teaching Theory through Living Memories and Stories

The expressive therapies continuum (ETC) provides a theoretical structure for understanding the ways in which people interact with art media to process information and form images (Kagin & Lusebrink, 1978; Lusebrink, 2010). Understanding the ETC framework can enhance accuracy of assessment and increase treatment efficacy (Hinz, 2020). Although this significant theory is foundational and applicable across all expressive therapies (Kagin & Lusebrink, 1978), student feedback demonstrates it is a multifaceted concept to learn. Therefore, the instructors of this workshop have designed an embodied method of teaching the theory that utilizes personally relevant objects, imbued with personal memories, to engage students and professionals in the learning experience. Art making will be deepened by a poetic narrative approach to solidify learning (e.g., Kaimal, Mesinger, Carroll-Haskins, 2020) and to provide guidelines for using embodied experiences to explain, clarify, and amplify the ETC theory.

Paper Presentation

Marianna Vogt

Is a Stitch Not as Sound as Word? Knitting as Expression, Preservation & Subversion

This paper will examine how knitting holds cultural memories with contemporary relevance. It looks at needlework as a ‘feminine’ challenge to ‘masculine ideals. It considers knitting as a form of movement meditation and meaning-making and as a way to incorporate art into the everyday. Supported by personal reflection, case study and written theory, I show how all these aspects have therapeutic potential.

Workshop - ART

Natalia Nazarova

The Way into Arts Therapy: Awareness of Own Motives

Путь в терапию искусствами: осознание собственных мотивов

We choose our own way into the arts therapy field but are we really aware of our deep motives for making this choice? Our experience, our memories shape our identity as therapists and shape our understanding of the potency and power of arts and creativity. Often, those who enter the therapeutic profession are seeking their own healing – a phenomenon common amongst therapists. In their clinical practice, they may go on to use those parts of themselves that have been hurt or damaged in order to connect with their client, whether consciously or unconsciously.

PAPER

Neil Stuart and Vicki Louise

Praesent elit felis, laoreet eget ligula fringilla, consectetur suscipit massa

I'm a Proin sit amet leo nunc. Nulla rutrum erat id nulla elementum vulputate. Nulla at consequat nulla. Sed porttitor a leo at porta. Sed sodales tempor ex. Nullam sodales nibh erat, a ullamcorper orci gravida sed. Phasellus blandit lorem libero, sed placerat sapien placerat et. Nam lacus neque, efficitur sit amet diam quis, euismod lobortis augue. Donec mauris felis, aliquet ac aliquet id, euismod ac erat. Nunc eget diam suscipit lacus egestas pharetra. Pellentesque ut orci a lorem rhoncus consectetur et in magna. Interdum et malesuada fames ac ante ipsum primis in faucibus. Phasellus eu blandit nibh. Morbi porta semper orci sed porttitor. Mauris eu ultrices erat.

Keynote

Nisha Sajnani

To Be and Not To Be: Memory, Care, and the Contradictory Imagination

Are we what we remember? Everything we remember is an act of imagination. We are actively reconstructing the way it was then in the here and now. Memory is sensory, iconic, and haptic. It consists of images, sounds, tastes, and smells to which we add a story to create meaning. These stories are neurophysiologically, socially, and technologically encoded, performed through daily habits and rituals, transmitted through artistic representation, and traced throughout cultural objects and architecture. Memories offer us continuity, a sense of place and identity. Therefore, the loss of memory presents an ontological dilemma for those whose memories are no longer accessible and for those who care with and for them.

Art Workshop

Robin B. Zeiger & Tamar Shalit Barlev

Homelessness, Wandering, & the Eternal Search for Home Creating an Internal Space of Dialogue with “Home”

There are moments in history when collective memory is radically transformed. The year 2020 is one of those moments when our sense of being at home in our world will never be the same.

Art Workshop

Sharon Snir, Irit Belity, Yael Domani, Liat Shamri-Zeevi and Michal Ulitzur-Zemel

Joint construction of the OATR observational tool for assessing the therapeutic relationship triangle in art therapy: encounter between theory and practice

According to theories of art therapy, there is a complex relationship between the three components of the therapist-client, client-artwork and therapist-artwork relationship triangle that simultaneously affect each other and the development of each one (Schaverien, 2000). This workshop will present the participatory research (Cargo & Mercer, 2008) which led to the development of an observational tool called the Observation in Art Therapy Relationships (OATR) that assesses the interaction between client and artwork and between the client and the therapist.

Paper Presentation

Suzanne Haeyen & Joep Kolijn

Shaping connections in times of social distance through the use of digital tools in arts therapies

Verbindingen maken in tijden van sociale afstand door het gebruik van digitale middelen in vaktherapie

COVID-19 has forced us to often have therapies take place online. Mental health treatments have been delayed or have even been stopped. This also applied to arts therapies.

A survey of 281 arts and psychomotor therapists showed that 91% of them have ‘no’ or ‘almost no’ experience with working online and digital resources. People are positive about it, but they do not feel competent in it. There is a great need for knowledge.

In response, a project has been started in which practice, education and research worked together. The aim of this project was that arts and psychomotor therapists become more skilled in the use of digital resources and that these tools become better suited to our therapy.

Paper Presentation

Tai Elshorst-Delofski

Pain and Protection - Remembering Self and Mother
Psychodynamic aspects of working with needle and thread in art therapy

Schmerz und Schutz – Erinnerung an Selbst und Mutter
Psychodynamische Aspekte der Arbeit mit Nadel und Faden in der Kunsttherapie

Starting with a reflection on the connection between her own memory work and handicraft, the author considers the influence of her New Orleanian family history of tailoring, sewing and crocheting on her own artistic practice. In observing that, especially in times of change, needle and thread often stabilized and enabled a re-collection of Self, she derives further thoughts on the symbolism and psychodynamics of this activity.

Paper Presentation

Unnur Ottarsdottir

Processing Emotions and Memorising Coursework through Memory Drawing

Quantitative and qualitative research on ‘Memory Drawing’ will be reviewed in this presentation. Research will be reviewed about the effectiveness of drawing compared to writing when facilitating memory over differing time frames. When drawing/writing was recalled three weeks after the original memorisation, the median number of recalled words/drawings was two written words and five drawn. The research findings also showed that drawing is generally as much as five times more effective then writing for longer-term memory or when the drawings/words were recalled nine weeks after the original memorisation, without any recall within the nine-week period. To my knowledge, research of this sort into this long-term memory of drawings had not previously been conducted.

Art Paper

Uwe Herrmann

Arts longa – vita brevis: art therapy in child dementia and terminal illness

Arts longa – vita brevis: Kunsttherapie mit dementen und final erkrankten Kindern

Over the past decades, psychological, sociological and cultural research has highlighted the relevance and interplay of individual and collective memory systems, investigating their political, social, psychological and artistic ramifications (Assmann & Czaplicka, 1995; Brockmeyer, 2002; Stancombe Taylor, 2019). Psychoanalysis, in particular, has from the outset been concerned with the subject: how retrieving memories can restore a patient’s health through the act of interpreting and integrating what was forgotten (Freud, 1914; Bohleber, 2007), and how the ability to remember lies at the very heart of symbolization (Beres, 1970).

Paper Presentation

Vjara Granitzka, Nadezhda Savova-Grigorova & Kiril Grigorov

Bread Therapy: The Innovative Art Therapy Methods of the Bread Houses Network

Хлебна Терапия: Иновативни арттерапевтични методи в мрежата Хлебни къщи

In our era dominated by technologies and online communication, we sense a sharp need for activities engaging our hands, for crafts and for food, which we can make on our own and then share with others in order to regain our self-confidence, self-esteem, to better understand how much we need one another and to learn to better communicate with each other. Bread making is a unique creative activity in which metaphors of life, problem-solving and coping with difficulties can be successfully applied. It involves different stages in a certain sequence and teaches different social and cognitive skills, patience and cooperation.

Music Paper

Yu-Ying Chen

Experiences of Single-Session Improvisational Group Music Therapy: Therapist and Patient Reflections from Inpatient Psychiatry

The purpose of this study was to explore the experiences of therapists and patients in order to draw a composite picture of single-session improvisational group music therapy. This phenomenological study included ten therapist participants and nine patient participants.