Serrano Navarro, Ana, Ugena Candel, Tania & López Iglesias, Andrea

Art therapy and care.  Art therapy experience in three community health centres of the Madrid City Council.
 

Arteterapia y cuidados. Experiencia arteterapéutica en tres Centros de Salud Comunitaria del Ayuntamiento de Madrid.
 

Ana Serrano Navarro, Tania Ugena Candel, Andrea López Iglesias.
 

This communication describes the art therapy programme designed, implemented and evaluated in three community health centres of the Madrid City Council (CMSc San Blas, CMSc Chamberí, CMSc Joven) between March 2017 and December 2018.

The art therapy programme is part of Madrid’s municipal plan, ‘Madrid City of Health Care’.

During this time, a total of 39 workshops have taken place in which 340 people have participated. The groups with whom we have worked are varied: young and adolescent population, groups of women, elderly people with and without cognitive impairment, people with autism spectrum disorder, people with functional diversity and mental health groups.

The main objectives of the art therapy programme have been to facilitate self-care group spaces, to promote health through accompanied creative processes and to create support networks among participants, institutions and health agents to minimize the discomforts of everyday life.

The methodology used is based on teamwork with health care professionals; reality analysis; continuous assessment; confidentiality and respect; participatory action research; horizontality in the process; the figure of the art therapist as a guide and support; the exploration of different techniques and artistic materials; the symbolic value of productions; the use of metaphor; the triple interconnection between art therapist workshop/artwork and group; the museum as a health agent; the incorporation of new methodologies in the promotion of health and care.

Moods, anxiety, stress and depression, self-esteem, feelings of loneliness, general satisfaction, group cohesion and interpersonal relationships are evaluated. These evaluations are carried out through the application of pre and post scales, observation records, sessions’ field journal, evaluation of participants, group discussion, triangulation and specialized supervision.


Arteterapia y cuidados. Experiencia arteterapéutica en tres Centros de Salud Comunitaria del Ayuntamiento de Madrid

La presente comunicación recoge el Programa de Arteterapia diseñado, llevado a cabo y evaluado en tres Centros de Salud Comunitaria del Ayuntamiento de Madrid (CMSc San Blas, CMSc Chamberí, CMSc Joven), entre marzo de 2017 y diciembre de 2018.

El Programa de Arteterapia se enmarca dentro del Plan Municipal Madrid Ciudad de los Cuidados de Madrid Salud.

Durante este tiempo se han desarrollado un total de 39 talleres en los que han participado 340 personas. Los grupos con los que se ha trabajado son muy variados: población joven y adolescente, colectivos de mujeres, personas mayores con y sin deterioro cognitivo, personas con trastorno del espectro autista, personas con diversidad funcional y colectivos de salud mental.

Los objetivos principales del Programa de Arteterapia han sido facilitar espacios grupales de autocuidado para promocionar la salud a través de procesos creadores acompañados y crear redes de apoyo entre personas participantes, entidades y agentes de salud para minimizar los malestares de la vida cotidiana.

La metodología empleada se sustenta en el trabajo en equipo con profesionales de la Salud; el análisis de la realidad; la evaluación continua; la confidencialidad y el respeto; la participación-acción; la horizontalidad en el proceso; la figura de Arteterapeuta como guía, apoyo, sostén; la exploración de diferentes técnicas y materiales artísticos; el valor simbólico de las producciones; el uso de la metáfora; la triple vinculación profesional-taller/obra-grupo; el Museo como agente de Salud;  la incorporación de nuevas metodologías en la promoción de la Salud y los Cuidados.

Se evalúan los estados de ánimo, ansiedad, estrés y depresión, la autoestima, el sentimiento de soledad, la satisfacción con la vida, la cohesión grupal y las relaciones interpersonales. Estas evaluaciones se realizan mediante escalas pre y post, registros de observación, diario de sesiones, evaluación de personas participantes, grupo de discusión, triangulación y supervisión especializada.

 

Biography

Ana Serrano Navarro
PhD in Education at the Complutense University of Madrid. Master´s degrees in Art Therapy and in Psychotherapeutic Intervention. Bachelor's degrees in Fine Arts
Associate professor in the Master's Degree in Art Therapy and Art Education for Social Inclusion at the Complutense University of Madrid, and teaching partner in different trainings in Art Therapies.
Coordinator and supervisor of the art therapy project at the José Germain Children and Youth Hospital. Collaborator of the research project I+d+i Aletheia: Art, Art Therapy, Trauma and Emotional Memory.
Art therapist at the Madrid Center of Community Health CMSc San Blas - Madrid City Council (2017-2018).  Currently she provides art therapy services in a private practice, individual and group sessions. Collaborator with Centtac Institute (Madrid) and Asdahna Getafe Association as an art therapist.

 

Tania Ugena Candel holds a PhD in Education at the Complutense University of Madrid. Master´s degree in Art Therapy and Art Education for Social Inclusion. Previously she studied a Bachelor's degrees in Anthropology and in Social Education.  She is currently director of Sunflower Art Therapy in Motion. Trained in Spanish, Flamenco and Classical Dance. 
Professor of the Degree in Performing Arts - Antonio de Nebrija University and collaborator with Education Area in the Prado Museum.
Art therapist at the Madrid Center of Community Health CMSc Joven - Madrid City Council (2017-2018).
She has experience with children, adolescents, families and women in risk of social exclusion, as well as people with mental disorders, Alzheimer´s disease and disabilities in general, Affective-sexual education and drug addictions.  She has published in various books, magazines and conference proceedings, in relation to education, dance, art therapy and the performing arts.

 

Andrea López Iglesias is an art therapist, artist and researcher.  She is a Pre-Doctoral Research Fellow at Complutense University of Madrid (UCM). Master´s Degree in Art Therapy and Bachelor's degree in Fine Arts.  Since 2016 she has been a member of a research team EARTDI (Applications of Art for Social Inclusion) at the Musacces Consortium, in the Faculty of Education at UCM.
Collaborator of the research project I+d+i Aletheia: Art, Art Therapy, Trauma and Emotional Memory.
Coordinator and supervisor for four years of the art therapy program “Ventillarte” for migrant women in Pueblos Unidos Association.
Art therapist at the Madrid Center of Community Health CMSc Chamberí - Madrid City Council (2017-2018).
As an art therapist, she has developed her profession nationally and internationally with Children  who have learning disabilities, those who have suffered from health problems in the dialysis unit, Adults with mental health disorders, Women's collectives, Community, Elderly People and those with Cognitive Impairment.

Recent Publications

Ugena, T. (2016). Motherhood and body (An arteterapeutica look). In: Revista de Arteterapia. Papers of art therapy and art education for social inclusion. UCM Madrid.

Carmona, Serrano, A, Martín. (2016) To be and to create in the therapeutic space: art therapy in the Day Hospital of Leganés. Cuadernos de Psiquiatría y Psicoterapia del Niño y de Adolescente. Num .: 60 - January 2016

Recent Presentations

2017: López, A., Serrano, A., Ugena T. III National Art Therapy Congress. Murcia May 2017.  “Implementation of Art Therapy in the Municipal Plan "Madrid City of Health Care". Pending publication at Actas III FEAPA Congress.

2016: Art & Cultural Mediation for Diversity Congress. DIVERCITY project: Diving into Diversity into Museum and in the city. Madrid, September 2016.

Lopez, A. “Inside Museum. Thyssen Museum and UCM. Diversity in Museums”. Conference Closing Event. Congreso Art & Cultural Mediation for Diversity.