López Fdz. Cao, Marián

TSAW (Trauma States through Art Works): a tool to shape pain
 

TSAW (Trauma States through Art Works) Un instrumento para dar forma al dolor
 

Marián López Fdz. Cao
 

The history of art, full of overwhelming images, appeals to us like mirrors, be these works in the form of mythical figures, literary tragedies, sculptures or two-dimensional images. They discover in us - through the term einfühlung coined by Lipps - forgotten or unknown aspects of ourselves. To seek in art the vision of pain is to help narrate human vulnerability.

This presentation is based on the results obtained in the four-year research project of the Complutense University of Madrid entitled ALETHEIA: art, art therapy, trauma and emotional memory, funded by the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness.

It proposes the use of a new technique created and developed in the project, TSAW(Trauma States through Art Works) that consists in the use of works of art as nuclei identifying states and specific aspects of trauma as well as detonators of work in trauma-based therapy and art therapy. Through the readings of Cozolino (2006), Bessel van der Kolk (2014), Levine (2005), Lusebrink (2004) or Herman (1992), it has been verified how the image and the artistic narrative bring into play aspects of the brain related to emotional memory, which activates aspects that can be recaptured later through drama, music, dance or art therapies, as well as through the use of traditional therapies.

The images legitimized by culture can help to glimpse in cases, to fix in others, the states of the trauma and to put form to certain moments of the pain that help, first, to identify them and then to serve as support or mirror, accompanying the comprehension, expression, recovery and possible integration of a traumatic event, generating new creations of the clients themselves.

The TSAW is in the process of validation based on triangulation with experts and application in pilot workshops that will be addressed in the congress.


TSAW (Trauma States through Art Works) Un instrumento para dar forma al dolor

El arte, lleno de imágenes abrumadoras, nos apela como espejos, sean estas obras en forma de figuras míticas, tragedias literarias, esculturas o imágenes bidimensionales. Descubren en nosotros, a través del término einfühlung acuñado por Lipps, aspectos olvidados o desconocidos de nosotros mismos. Buscar en el arte la visión del dolor es ayudar a narrar la vulnerabilidad humana. 

Esta presentación se basa en los resultados obtenidos en el proyecto de investigación de cuatro años de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid titulado ALETHEIA: arte, arteterapia, trauma y memoria emocional, financiado por el Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad. 

Propone el uso de una nueva técnica creada y desarrollada en el proyecto, TSAW (Trauma States through Art works) que consiste en el uso de obras de arte como núcleos que identifican estados y aspectos específicos del trauma así como detonadores del trabajo en terapia y ateterapia basada en el trauma. A través de las lecturas de Cozolino (2006), Bessel van der Kolk (2014), Levine (2005), Lusebrink (2004) o Herman (1992), se ha verificado cómo la imagen y la narrativa artística ponen en juego aspectos del cerebro relacionado con la memoria emocional, que activa aspectos que pueden recapturarse más tarde a través del drama, la música, la danza o la arteterapia, así como a través del uso de otras terapias tradicionales .

Las imágenes legitimadas por Cultura pueden ayudar a vislumbrar en casos, fijar en otros, estados del trauma y dar forma a ciertos momentos del dolor que ayudan, primero a identificarlos y luego a servir de soporte o espejo, acompañamiento de la comprensión, expresión, recuperación y posible integración de un evento traumático, generando nuevas creaciones de los propios pacientes La TSAW se encuentra en el proceso de validación a partir de la triangulación con expertos y su aplicación en talleres piloto que se abordarán en el congreso.

 

Biography

Marián López Fdz. Cao  PhD in Fine Arts. Master’s in psychotherapeutic intervention. Accredited Art Therapist from FEAPA (Spanish Federation of Art Therapist).  Professor of Art Therapy and Art Education at the Faculty of Education, Complutense University of Madrid since 1992. Coordinator of the Master’s in Art therapy and Art Education for Social Inclusion 2010-2014. Coordinator of Ph.D. Studies 2004-2010. From 2007 to 2011, Director of the Institute of Feminist Research. Nowadays, Director of the international program Latinoamerican Complutense School, adviser of the vice-chancellor of International Affairs. Director of the Research Group 941035 ‘Art application for Social Inclusion’. Director of the indexed scientific journal Papers of Art Therapy…, Director of the editorial collection Possibilities of Being through art, which has been awarded for its egalitarian nature.

She has conducted more than 20 Ph.D. Principal researcher of several national and international projects on arts, art therapy, social inclusion and gender.

 

Recent Publications

López Fdz. Cao, M. (2018). (Ed) ALETHEIA Vol. 1: Shaping pain. Madrid: Fundamentos.

López Fdz. Cao, M. (2017). From the rape of Europe to Art against Women violence. In: MASEDA, R. Gender and violence in the Spanish Culture. Peter Lang, 2018

López Fdz. Cao, M.  (2016). A Feminist Approach To An Intercultural Art Practice.  In: The Routledge International Handbook Of Intercultural Arts Research, 182 , 2016

López Fdz. Cao, M. (2016).  Healing Wounds: Creation to evoke absence. The memory of writing.The memory of the body. Arteterapia 11, 2016: 365-384

López Fdz. Cao, M. (2015). What is art for (Para qué el Arte) 2015 Ed. Fundamentos